The Duke of Aumale, son of Louis-Philippe, played a vital role in the colonisation of Algeria. He vanquished the Emir of Algers, Abd el-Kader, during the taking ofla Smala in 1843. The Emir was an influential political and religious leader and a philosopher. Despite the efforts of the Duke of Aumale and the general of Lamoricière to drive him towards Saint Jean-d'Acre or Alexandria, the Emir was transported to Toulon in 1848. He was then assigned a residence in the Château d'Amboise with his mother, wives, brothers, children, their tutors, caliphs and servants; in total, eighty-eight people. The Emir spent four years at the château (a monument to the memory of the members of his family who died at Amboise is still visible in the grounds of the château) before being personally liberated by Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, Prince-President, on 16 October 1852. He left France for Turkey, then Syria. He devoted the rest of his life to meditation and teaching until his death on 26 May 1883 at Damas.
The Château of Amboise gives a special presentation of the period between 1848 and 1852 when Emir Abd el-Kader was kept in confinement at the château, with a landscaped garden designed by Rachid Koraïchi, for meditation and contemplation. This memorial installation is composed of 25 Aleppo stones engraved with hymns of peace and tolerance taken from the Koran. The choice of vegetation and the symbolic references underline the richness of the Mediterranean cultural influences and the constancy of universal values of tolerance upheld by Emir Abd el-Kader.
Amboise, Royal Château
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Besichtigung & Behinderungen