Histoire

The château through the centuries

The Royal Château of Amboise site has undergone huge transformations through the centuries. Recently collected scientific data have enabled us to recreate the château in all its forms, from the Middle Ages to today.

Go back in time
Travel through time
Les Seigneurs d'Amboise avant 1431
The Lords of Amboise before 1431
Le château au temps de Louis XI
The château in the time of Louis XI
Le château au temps de Charles VI
The château in the time of Charles VI
Le château au temps de Charles VI
The château in the time of Charles VI
Le château au temps de Louis-Philippe
The château in the time of Louis-Philippe
Château actuel
The château today

A 3D recreation area, recently created in the château’s orangery, enables visitors to understand the importance of this monument, the major construction of which began in the late 15th century, under the reign of Charles VIII. Thus, they can learn that, contrary to what was believed in the 19th century, 75% of the château built during his reign survives today.

The château’s illustrious guests

Click on the portraits to discover the guests’ biographies.

Go back in time
Travel through time

Clovis Ier
(466-511)

Foulques III
(Around 970-1040)

Philippe Auguste
(1165-1223)

The Amboise-Chaumont Lords
(1214-1431)

Charles VII
(1403-1461)

Louis XI
(1423-1483)

Charlotte of Savoie
(1441-1483)

Anne of France
(1461-1522)

Isabelle I
Queen of Castile and Léon
(1451-1504)

Jeanne of France
(1464-1505)

Charles VIII
(1470-1498)

Margaret of Austria
(1480-1530)

Anne of Brittany
(1477-1514)

Charles-Orland
(1492-1495)

Louis XII
(1462-1515)

Bernardino da Brescia
(1490-1540)

Luca Vigeno

Guido Mazzoni
(1450-1518)

Domenico Bernabei Da Cortona
(1465-1549)

Dom Pacello da Mercogliano
(1453-1534)

Fra Giovanni Giocondo
(1433-C. 1515)

Andrea Solario
(1460-1524)

Louise of Savoie
(1476-1531)

François Ier
(1494-1547)

Marguerite of Angoulême
(1492-1549)

Claude of France
(1499-1524)

Leonardo da Vinci
(1452-1519)

Andrea del Sarto
(1486-1530)

Jean Stuart
( Fin XVè S.-1551)

Robert III de La Marck
(1491- 1535)

Ulrich von Hutten
(1488-1523)

Franz von Sickingen
(1481 - 1523)

Lorenzo II de Medici
(1492-1519)

Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne
(1495-1519)

Connetable (Constable) de Bourbon

Madame de Chateaubriant
(1495-1537)

Cardinal de Boisy
(1479-1523)

Cardinal of Bourges
(1462-1519)

Henri 1er d'Albret
King of Navarre
(1503-1555)

Monsieur d'Alençon
(1489 - 1525)

Monsieur de Vendôme
(1489-1536)

John Stuart
(1481 – 1536)

Eleanor of habsburg and Austria
(1498-1558)

Anne Boleyn
(Around 1500-1536)

François de France
(1518-1536)

Charles of Habsbourg
(1500-1558)

Henri II
(1519-1559)

Catherine de Médicis
(1519-1589)

François II
(1544-1560)

Marie Stuart
(1542-1587)

François Ier of Lorraine
(1519-1563)

Charles of Guise
(1524- 1574)

Jean du Barry
(…-1560)

François III Bouchard d'Aubeterre
(1522-1573)

Charles IX
(1550-1574)

Henri III
(1551-1589)

Marguerite of France
(1553-1615)

Henri IV
(1553-1610)

Louis XIII
(1601-1643)

Anne of Austria
(1601-1666)

Gaston of France
(1608-1660)

Louis XIV
(1638-1715)

Philippe V
(1683-1746)

Charles de Batz dit d'Artagnan
(Between 1611 et 1615-1673)

Nicolas Fouquet
(1615-1680)

Jean de La Fontaine
(1621-1695)

Étienne-François de Choiseul
(1719-1785)

Louis-Jean-Marie de Bourbon
(1725-1793)

Roger Ducos
(1747-1816)

Louise-Marie-Adélaïde d'Orléans
(1753-1821)

Louis-Philippe Ier
(1773-1850)

Emir Abd el-Kader
(1808-1883)

Napoléon III
(1809-1873)

Ferdinand-Philippe d'Orléans
(1810-1842)

Hélène of Mecklembourg-Schwerin
(1814-1858)

François d'Orléans
(1818-1900)

Henri d'Orléans
(1822-1897)

Françoise of Braganza
(1824-1898)

Henri d'Orléans
(1908-1999)

CLOVIS IER, KING OF THE FRANKS (AROUND 466/ 481/511):

Son of the king of the Salian Franks of Tournai, ChildericIer (?/ 457/481), and grandson of Merovech (around 412/ 448/457), Clovis became head of his father’s small kingdom in 481. He rapidly conquered the bordering territories and unified a major part of the Frank kingdoms, putting an end to incursions by the Alemanni and Burgundians. In 503, he signed a temporary peace treaty with Alaric, the king of the Visigoths, in Amboise, on the Ile d’Or in the middle of the Loire (in front of the current château) on the border between the Frank and Visigoth kingdoms. After the death of their king, Alaric II (?/ 484/507), Clovis crossed this border with his army and launched an attack on the south of Gaul, then Visigoth territory. Clovis was also famous for his conversion to Christianity after the victory at Tolbiac in 496. Baptised by the bishop St Rémi (437-535), he made the future kingdom of France the “Church’s eldest daughter”.

FOULQUES III, KNOWN AS FOULQUES NERRA, COUNT OF ANJOU (AROUND 970-1040) :

Born around 970, FoulquesNerrawas the son of GeoffroyIer of Anjou (around 940-987). He succeeded the latter as the head of the county in 987. In a state of perpetual war with his neighbours, he besieged, pillaged and burnt his enemy’s towns, such as Angers in the year 1000 and Saumur in 1026. He was known in Amboise for having ordered the construction of the St. Florentin collegiate chapel and a count’s palace called ‘domicilium’ on the Château’s promontory (no longer there today).

PHILIPPE AUGUSTE (1165/ 1180/1223), KING OF FRANCE

In 1214, Philippe Auguste (1165/ 1180/1223) king ofFrance, moved into Touraine. The town of Amboise thus entered definitively into the French remit. The château was entrusted to the Amboise-Chaumont family, vassals of the king of France